Characteristics of herniated disc, nerve compression and radicular syndromes: The cartilaginous intervertebral disc, which connects the adjacent vertebrae, consists of a rigid outer envelope of cartilage (annulus fibrosus) and an inner gel-like core (nucleus pulposus). Wear and tear, sudden jerking movement or compression can cause a rupture of the outer layer, squeeze out the core and cause pressure on the spinal nerve root.
A bulging disc may occur (also known as disc protrusion, the outer layer of the annulus will not tear, the inner core bulges outwards, but does not leave the disc area. Such herniated disc often returns to its original position) or the continuity of the outer cartilage can be disrupted and the inner core leaks out (herniation, prolapse). When a herniated disc presses on the nerve root, this can cause severe back pain. The pain increases with coughing, movement or long periods seated.
Pressure exerted by the herniated intervertebral disc or osteophytes and the effects of other degenerative changes of the spine on the nerve root cause the condition known as radicular syndrome (most commonly in the lower extremities). The pain site is determined by the location of the disc, and a number of vertebral pain syndromes are described (acute cervical dysfunction (crick in the neck), chronic neck pain, cervicocranial syndrome, cervicovestibular syndrome, cervicobrachial syndrome, radicular syndrome of the upper extremities, pain in the thoracic area of the spine, lumbago (crick in the back), chronic pain in the shoulders, chronic sacral pain, radicular syndrome of the lower extremities (L4, L5, S1).
Using magnetic therapy in herniated intervertebral disc and chronic nerve compression
In herniated intervertebral disc and vertebrogenic algic syndromes, the analgesic, muscle-relaxant, anti-swelling and regenerative effects of Biomag low-frequency pulsed magnetic therapy can be beneficial in vertebral pain syndromes. Unfortunately, magnetic therapy alone cannot remove existing anatomical changes of a permanent character that require surgery. However, it can be used as a preparation for surgery and during the postoperative recovery period and subsequently, as prevention for other degenerative changes. The magnetic field increases the effects of concomitantly administered nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Application of magnetic therapy in herniated intervertebral disc and chronic nerve compression
In acute nerve compression and pain caused by herniated intervertebral disc and chronic nerve compression and resulting in radicular syndrome, low analgesic frequencies of 4-6 Hz are preferred; in chronic pain, alternate these with frequencies of 13-17 Hz with higher muscle-relaxant effects. The applicator is attached to the compression site on the spinal nerve.
Herniated disc and chronic nerve compression and magnetic therapy – queries
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