The possibility of influencing periodontitis with pulsed magnetic therapy of 16.9 Hz frequency and 46 μT intensity was investigated for the first time on 23 patients in controlled study which results were then published in Journal of Periodontology (Steffensen et al., 1988).
Specifically, the study observed effect of pulsed magnetic field on periodontal soft tissues and most importantly alveolar bone, loss of which commonly occurs in case of periodontal disease. It is the very significant part of both upper and lower jaw that contains tooth sockets and that, as the designation implies, holds teeth and provides them with the necessary support.
After the surgery which removed swollen and painful tissues, patients underwent an eight-week pulsed magnetic therapy. The control group did not receive any post-surgery therapy. The results were compared after 6, 12 and 18 months.
Pulsed magnetic therapy significantly improved periodontal soft tissue fixation in periodontal pockets with the default depth of 1-3 millimeters.
The effect on alveolar bone was overwhelming. Evaluations of radiographic examinations confirmed, in all cases, a statistically significant increase of alveolar bones compared to control group.
In short, pulsed magnetic therapy has an undeniable regenerative effect on alveolar bone and therefore represents suitable complimentary treatment for patients suffering with periodontitis.
Reference: Steffensen, B. et al. (1988) Clinical effects of electromagnetic stimulation as an adjunct to periodontal therapy. Journal of Periodontology. 59 (1), 46–52.
Clinical effects of electromagnetic stimulation as an adjunct to periodontal therapy
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